About



 

Background

Geograpy

  • Location
    • Europe, Eastern Iberian Peninsula, Western Mediterranean, Balearic Islands, Northern Catalonia and the city of Alguer in Sardinia
  • Geographic coordinates
  • Map Reference
  • Area
    • Total
    • country comparison to the World
    • land
    • water
  • Area comparative
  • Land boundaries
    • total
    • border countries
  • Coastline
  • Maritime claims
    • territorial sea
    • contiguous zone
    • exclusive fishing zone
    • continental shelf
  • Climate
  • Terrain
  • Elevation extremes
    • Lowest point
    • Highest point
  • Natural resources
  • Land use:
    • arable land
    • permanent crops
    • other
  • Irrigated Land
  • Total renewable water resources
  • Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agriculture)
    • total
    • per capita
  • Natural hazards
  • Environment – current issues
  • Environment – international agreements
  • Geography – note
PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
GOVERNMENT
ECONOMY
Catalonia is one of the most important industrial districts in Europe, lagging only the likes of Italy’s Lombardy and the German Ruhr in productivity. Yet each year since 1986, an average of 9% of Catalonia’s GDP in net terms has left the region to be redistributed or spent by Madrid. In Spain, only the Balearic Islands surrender a larger share of their annual output. Nowhere else in Europe or North America do intra-national transfers of such size occur as a matter of course.
COMMUNICATIONS
TRANSPORTATIONS
MILITARY
TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES