Could Catalonia become the world’s newest sovereign state?


The increase of globalization leads to the interest in developing local and national identities. The enhancement of nationalism and national identities has spread throughout the nations of Europe (Anna Villarroya, 2011). In Spain, because of its culture diversity, the struggle for strong national autonomy has always exited, especially in the case of Catalonia. Catalonia is one of the 17 regions of Spain and one of the first regions to gain administrative autonomy after the end of the Franco regime. For years, Catalonia has struggled to persuade stronger self-governance and self-determination. On 11 September 2012, which was the national day of Catalonia, there was a massive pro-independent rally contain between 600,000 and 1.5 million people (about 8 to 20 per cent of the region’s population) take to the streets of the capital, Barcelona, call for full independence from Spain (S. Bollier, 2012). So, there is a question that could Catalonia become a sovereign state as it expected. For me, Catalonia could become the newest sovereign state due to many conditions: it has its own distinct culture, language, history, which place in a define territory, with its own population, government and the capacity to engage in diplomatic and foreign relation.

First of all, Catalonia has its own distinct language, culture and history. Catalan is Catalonia own distinct language. Catalan was established between the 8th and 10th centuries similar period as other Romance languages. Now, it is a common language used in Catalonia’s educational system, political, media, Finance world and other sector and also use as a way to enhance and promote Catalonia culture. There are 98% of the population in Catalonia understand Catalan which means that nearly 7 million of people know Catalan (Generalitat de Catalunya, 2012). During the time of repression of Catalan culture, Catalan language was spoken privately; hence, Catalan people see the Catalan language as the heart of the Catalan national identity.

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