Catalonia National’s Transition Advisory Council

02.06.2013

Sources: Gencat, and 1 and 2

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Catalonia  now has its own Advisory Council for the National Transition, whose aim will be to design the shape of the new Catalan state. In line with other existing advisory councils in other important areas of political action, the creation of this council responds to the Government’s aim to provide the best legal and technical advice to develop this process.

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The powers of the Council are:

  • Identify and analyze all available legal alternatives for transition process’ development
  • Advise the Government on the identification of strategic structures for future operations of the Catalan institutions, and optimize available resources. 
  • Propose actions and promote the dissemination of national transition between the international community. 
  • Advising the government to deploy institutional relations in Catalonia to ensure the whole process.

After its first meeting, the Council decided to produce 19 reports between July and the first trimestre of 2014. They will be reports that analyze the fundamental decisions that will have to be taken assuming that the referendum will lead to the constitution of a new state.

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These are the 19 reports that the Council foresees creating:

1. The convocation of the referendum

2. The relationship of the new state with the EU. Will it be a member or not? If it si not, how will it be able to become one? What will happen with the Schengen Area and European Economic Space?

3. The relationship with the international community, from the United Nations to UNESCO, as well as all the other international organizations, including an analysis of what will happen with the treaties that Spain is a signer of.

4. The future relationship with the Spanish state. “The new state should have a very close relationship with the Spanish state,” said Pi-Sunyer.

5. The succession of judicial regulations. “On Day 1 in the new state, we don’t want to find ourselves with holes in the judicial system,” observed Pi-Sunyer.

6. How to carry out the constituent process. A constitution will be necessary. “Perhaps one idea is that there would be a provisional constitution, and not try to create a Catalan Constitution from the start, the first week,” says the Council president, who thinks such a document would have to cover fundamental rights, with references to the Statute of 2005, and that important decisions would have to be incorporated therein, like the question of dual nationality, or the status of the different languages.

7. Catalonia’s judicial system. Pi-Sunyer says, “How many judges will we have, and how many secretaries of justice? We must ensure that we can administer justice right away. What will we do with the cases that are in process in the Spanish judicial system? What will we do with decisions from those courts? We will need a governmental body with judicial power.”

8. Report on internal and international security.

9. Sectorial administration, for example electoral administration.

10. Economic topics, like the tributary agency in the new state, tax collection, etc.

11. Definition of the Catalan Tributary Agency

12. The financial institutions, like the Central Bank, and the maintenance of the euro.

13. The agencies and regulatory organizations that we should have, some of which are required by the EU.

14. The distribution of assets and debts between the Catalan and Spanish Governments, including the public debt.

15. The effects of an independent state on the business relationship between Spain and Catalonia.

16. How the Catalan Social Security system will work.

17. How to ensure access to energy and hydraulic resources starting on Day 1 after independence.

18. How telecommunications resources will be defined and distributed.

19. The internationalization of the process.

The Catalan government will receive the first report at the end of July with recommendations on how and when to hold the referendum on independence, and what question or questions should be formulated.

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Council members are renowned figures in the various disciplines involved with the process. Its chairman is Dr. Carles Viver i Pi-Sunyer, Institut d’Estudis Autonòmics director, and former Deputy President of Spanish Constitutional Court. Council’s deputy chairwoman is . The remaining members are: Dr. Enoch Albertí i Rovira, Dr. Germà Bel i Queralt, Dr. Carles Boix i Serra, Dr. Salvador Cardús i Ros, Dr. Àngel Castiñeira i Fernández, Dr.Francina Esteve i Garcia, Mr. Joan Font i Fabregó, Dr. Rafael Grasa, Ms. Pilar Rahola i Martínez, Dr. Josep Maria Reniu i Vilamala, Dr. Ferran Requejo i Coll and Dr. Joan Vintró i Castells.

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