Catalonia bailout request seen fueling independence drive

Catalonia’s plea for a financial rescue from Madrid could end up strengthening the proud region’s drive for more independence from Spain. The government of the northeastern region, unable to meet its debt repayments alone, asked Madrid on Tuesday for 5.0 billion euros ($6.3 billion) from a 18-billion-euro fund for troubled regions. But Catalonia, which has its own distinct language and is responsible for one-fifth of Spanish economic output, stressed that it would not submit to any conditions.  “It is a bit contradictory that a government request a bailout from a state that in some ways it wants to separate from,” said philosopher Josep Ramoneda, former director of Barcelona’s Contemporary Culture Centre (CCCB). The Catalan government’s request for aid puts it in a position of “manifest weakness” before the central government because “nobody gives anything without conditions”, he added.

Spain’s central government has already ordered the 17 regional governments to slash their combined public deficit to 1.5 percent of economic output this year from 3.9 percent in 2011. To meet this target Catalonia and the other regions have had to make steep spending cuts to social services like education and health care, sparking noisy street protests. But Catalonia has long argued that it pays more into Spain’s communal tax pot than it receives. It says the bailout is simply a case of getting its money back and this is why it rejects any conditions attached to the aid. “This money is ours and we are not going to say thank you because they loan us money that belongs to the Catalan people,” Catalan government spokesman Francesc Homs said this week. The Catalan government, headed by the conservative nationalist CiU party, argues that under Spain’s fiscal system, which redistributes tax revenues from rich regions to poor ones, it receives 17 billion euros less each year than it pays in taxes.

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